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Submitting a Manuscript
- Before Submission
- Submission Instructions
1. Before submission
Please review the PLOS ONE Publication Criteria to ensure that your manuscript
is appropriate for PLOS ONE.
Please also check to make sure your manuscript has been prepared in accordance to the relevant reporting guidelines and resources.
Prior to submission, all appropriate datasets, images, and information should be deposited in public
databases, in accordance with community standards.
You should also prepare the following information:
- The name, email address, institution, and contribution information of each author. Please note that all authors must see and approve the final version of the
manuscript before you submit.
- Cover letter
- Manuscript, with figure legends and tables included in the same
document as the main text
- Your manuscript should be in Word, LaTeX, or RTF format. If using LaTeX, please see these LaTeX guidelines
- Your manuscript must be written in clear, comprehensible English. If you have concerns about the level
of English in your submission, please ensure that it is proofread before submission by a native English speaker
or a scientific editing service prior to submission.
- Figures in either EPS or TIFF format
- Ethics information, including IACUC permit numbers and/or IRB name, if
- This information should be included in a subheading labeled "Ethics Statement" in the "Methods" section
of your manuscript file, in as much detail as possible
- Funding statement. This information should not be in your manuscript file; you will provide it via
our submission system.
- This information will be published with the final manuscript, if accepted, so please make sure that this is
accurate and as detailed as possible. You should not include this information in your manuscript file,
but it is important to gather it prior to submission, because your financial disclosure statement cannot be
changed after initial submission.
Your statement should include relevant grant numbers and the URL of any funder's Web site. Please also state
whether any individuals employed or contracted by the funders (other than the named authors) played any role in:
study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. If so, please
name the individual and describe their role.
- Competing interests statement. This information should not be in your manuscript file; you will
provide it via our submission system.
- All potential competing interests must be declared in full. If the
submission is related to any patents, patent applications, or products in development or for
market, these details, including patent numbers and titles, must be disclosed in full.
- Names of 2-5 suggested PLOS ONE Academic Editors (optional but recommended)
- Names of at least 2 suggested reviewers (required)
- Information on your institution's billing relationship with PLOS ONE, if applicable. You will not pay
until your paper is published, but you will be asked a couple of questions about payment upon submission.
If you have difficulties as you follow the instructions below, please be sure to check our Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) page for detailed answers to
common submission questions.
We have also produced a number of brief (2 minute) video tutorials explaining how to resolve some of the most
common problems that authors encounter when submitting their manuscripts, including:
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2. Submission Instructions
These are step-by-step instructions for submitting a manuscript to our online submission system. We recommend that you keep
this page open for your reference as you move through the submission process.
Do not follow these instructions if you are resubmitting a revised manuscript, are responding to a technical
check inquiry, or have otherwise already submitted this paper to PLOS ONE.
- Begin. Go to Editorial Manager and log in.
- Submit new manuscript. Click on the "Submit New Manuscript" link under the "New Submissions"
heading. This will take you to a new screen.
- Article Type. Next, select your article type. Most submissions will be either a Research
Article or a Clinical Trial.
- Title. Enter the title and short title of your manuscript. Please do not enter your titles in
all capital letters.
- Contributors. Next you will be asked to enter the names, email addresses, and institutional
affiliations for each author. Each author should have made real and concrete contributions to the manuscript; you
will have the opportunity to describe each author's contribution in a further step. Each author should also be
aware of the paper submission and approve the manuscript submitted. PLOS does not condone or accept guest
authorship. See the PLOS ONE Editorial Policies for more information
- Corresponding Author. Additionally, you will be asked to designate one author to act as
corresponding author. Note that this is the person who will receive correspondence from the PLOS ONE
editorial office, but does not need to be the person who will appear as corresponding author on the paper
if accepted. The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that the author list and author contributions
are accurate and complete. The person noted as the corresponding author should be the person who is actually
responsible for ensuring that all the proper forms are submitted and accurate, and should be readily available for
correspondence if PLOS ONE editors have questions or concerns. If a corresponding author will not be
available for an extended period of time, s/he should inform PLOS ONE at plosone [at] plos.org.
- Category. Next, you'll receive a prompt about your paper's Section/Category. If your paper
describes primary research on human subjects, indicate that here by selecting the category Clinical; if not,
- Abstract. This should exactly match the text of the Abstract in your manuscript file.
- Keywords. These will help expedite the internal processing of your manuscript. You will not
have another opportunity to edit these, so please make sure to add concise, accurate keywords at this point.
- Classifications. Next, you will be prompted to classify your manuscript by selecting terms from
a classification tree. Please add as many accurate classifications as possible; this will help to speed up the
process of matching your paper to an appropriate editor. For more details, watch this short video.
- Competing Interests. Please declare any affiliations or relationships that could be viewed as
potentially competing interests. This information will be published with the final manuscript, if accepted, so
please make sure that this is accurate and as detailed as possible. See the PLOS
ONE Editorial Policies for more information about declaring competing interests.
- Financial Disclosure. Please disclose your funders and the role they played in your manuscript.
This information will be published with the final manuscript, if accepted, so please make sure that this is
accurate and as detailed as possible. Please include relevant grant numbers and the URL of any funder's website.
Please also state whether any individuals employed or contracted by the funders (other than the named authors)
played any role in: study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the
manuscript. If so, please name the individual and describe their role. If no individuals employed or contracted by
the funder(s), other than the authors, were involved in these tasks and the authors had unrestricted access to the
data, please state, "The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish,
or preparation of the manuscript."
- Ethics Statement. You must provide an ethics statement if your study made use of human or
vertebrate animal subjects and/or tissue. The text in this field should exactly match the text of the
ethics statement in the body of your paper; we recommend that you cut and paste your paper's ethics statement into
this field. The information submitted here will be evaluated by the PLOS ONE editors to ensure that it
meets our standards, so please include as much information as possible. See the PLOS
ONE Publication Criteria for more information about ethics requirements.
- Previous Interactions. If you are submitting your manuscript following a recommendation from
another PLOS journal, or if you have had a previous interaction with PLOS ONE about the manuscript or
closely related manuscripts, please indicate the extent of your previous interaction here.
- Suggest Academic Editors. Please recommend 2-5 Academic editors from our
board who you feel are qualified to handle your submission based on their areas of expertise.
- Collections Submission. Please indicate if you are submitting your paper as a part of a
collection. More information about collections can be found here.
- New Taxon. If your paper describes a new taxon, please give its name. See the Manuscript
Guidelines for requirements for manuscripts describing a new zoological, botanical, or fungal taxon.
- Dual Publications. Please explain whether any of the elements of your paper have ever been
published anywhere before. If so, we may have to consider copyright issues, so it is very important that you provide
this information in full.
- US Government Employee. If you are an employee of the US Government, please indicate that here.
- Author Contributions. This is a series of questions that will enable you to state the contributions
of each author. Each author listed on the manuscript should have made a real and concrete contribution to the
submission, and each person who contributed to the manuscript should be listed. More information about authorship can
be found in the PLOS ONE Editorial Policies.
- Required Statements. Next you must enter your initials to indicate your agreement with four
required statements regarding PLOS Editorial and Publishing Policies.
- Direct Billing to Institutions and Funders. If your institution has a direct billing relationship
with PLOS, please indicate this here.
- Institutional Membership Discount. If authors at your institution receive a discounted publication
fee at PLOS ONE, please explain here.
- Publication Fees. Select the country that provided the primary funding for the research in the
submission. For questions about publication fees, you must contact the Author Billing department
directly at authorbilling [at] plos.org. DO NOT EMAIL plosone [at] plos.org ABOUT
- Enter Comments. You may enter comments for the editorial office here.
- Suggest Reviewers. Please recommend 2-5 reviewers to comment on your paper. Suggesting reviewers
helps us ensure that your paper will experience a swift and expedient review process. However, please note that we are
unable to guarantee that your suggested reviewers will comment on your paper. Remember that you can suggest any
qualified scientist to review your paper; your suggestions need not (and should not) be PLOS ONE academic
- Oppose Reviewers. If there are people you think should not be invited to review your paper, please
provide their information here, as well as the reason for opposition. If there are any Academic Editors you think
should not be invited to review your paper, please also provide their information here, making clear that they are an
editor, not a reviewer. You must also provide an explanation for your opposition.
- Attach Files. Now you will upload your cover letter and each of the files to be included in your
manuscript. For each file you upload to the system, you will select the file type from the "Item" drop down menu.
Enter or amend the autofill description for each file in the Description box. When you are done uploading files, you
will have an opportunity to review your file inventory before finalizing your submission.
- Review File Inventory. When you are satisfied, click "Next" at the bottom of this page. If you
experience any issues with your figures, please watch this short
- Create a PDF. In this step, the system will merge all of your files into a PDF for your approval.
When you are ready, approve the PDF to finalize your submission.
Ready to submit your manuscript? Enter our online
manuscript submission system.
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