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Research Article

Antiviral Oseltamivir Is not Removed or Degraded in Normal Sewage Water Treatment: Implications for Development of Resistance by Influenza A Virus

  • Jerker Fick mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: jerker.fick@chem.umu.se

    Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

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  • Richard H. Lindberg,

    Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

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  • Mats Tysklind,

    Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

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  • Paul D. Haemig,

    Affiliation: Section for Zoonotic Ecology and Epidemiology, Kalmar University, Kalmar, Sweden

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  • Jonas Waldenström,

    Affiliations: Section for Zoonotic Ecology and Epidemiology, Kalmar University, Kalmar, Sweden, Department of Animal Ecology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

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  • Anders Wallensten,

    Affiliations: Smedby Health Center, Kalmar County Council, Kalmar, Sweden, Division of Virology, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine (IMK) Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden

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  • Björn Olsen

    Affiliations: Section for Zoonotic Ecology and Epidemiology, Kalmar University, Kalmar, Sweden, Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Clinical Sciences, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden

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  • Published: October 03, 2007
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000986

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