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Research Article

Tumor-Derived Autophagosomes (DRibbles) Induce B Cell Activation in a TLR2-MyD88 Dependent Manner

  • Weixia Li equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Weixia Li, Meng Zhou, Hongyan Ren

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China

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  • Meng Zhou equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Weixia Li, Meng Zhou, Hongyan Ren

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China

    X
  • Hongyan Ren equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Weixia Li, Meng Zhou, Hongyan Ren

    Affiliations: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China, Cancer Research and Biotherapy Center, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China

    X
  • Hong-Ming Hu,

    Affiliations: Cancer Research and Biotherapy Center, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China, Laboratory of Cancer Immunobiology, Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Providence Portland Medical Center, Portland, Oregon, United States of America

    X
  • Liwei Lu,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology and Center of Infection and Immunology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, People’s Republic of China

    X
  • Meng Cao mail,

    wanglx66@yahoo.com.cn (LxW); mcao1979@yahoo.com.cn (MC)

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China

    X
  • Li-xin Wang mail

    wanglx66@yahoo.com.cn (LxW); mcao1979@yahoo.com.cn (MC)

    Affiliations: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China, Cancer Research and Biotherapy Center, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China

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  • Published: January 09, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053564

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