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Research Article

Low Vitamin D Status and Suicide: A Case-Control Study of Active Duty Military Service Members

  • John C. Umhau mail,

    umhau@jhu.edu

    Affiliation: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • David T. George,

    Affiliation: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Robert P. Heaney,

    Affiliation: Osteoporosis Research Center, Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, United States of America

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  • Michael D. Lewis,

    Affiliation: Department of Preventive Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland

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  • Robert J. Ursano,

    Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Markus Heilig,

    Affiliation: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Joseph R. Hibbeln equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Joseph R. Hibbeln, Melanie L. Schwandt

    Affiliation: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Melanie L. Schwandt equal contributor

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Joseph R. Hibbeln, Melanie L. Schwandt

    Affiliation: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Published: January 04, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0051543

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