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Research Article

HIV-1 Tat Promotes Integrin-Mediated HIV Transmission to Dendritic Cells by Binding Env Spikes and Competes Neutralization by Anti-HIV Antibodies

  • Paolo Monini,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Aurelio Cafaro,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Indresh K. Srivastava,

    Affiliation: Novartis Vaccines & Diagnostics, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Sonia Moretti,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Victoria A. Sharma,

    Affiliation: Novartis Vaccines & Diagnostics, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Claudia Andreini,

    Affiliation: CERM, University of Florence, Florence, Italy

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  • Chiara Chiozzini,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Flavia Ferrantelli,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Maria R. Pavone. Cossut,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Antonella Tripiciano,

    Affiliations: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy, San Gallicano Hospital, Rome, Italy

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  • Filomena Nappi,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

    Current address: Department of National Center for Immunobiologicals Research and Evaluation, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Olimpia Longo,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Stefania Bellino,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Orietta Picconi,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Emanuele Fanales-Belasio,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Alessandra Borsetti,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Elena Toschi,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

    Current address: Department of Hematology, Oncology and Molecular Medicine, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Ilaria Schiavoni,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

    Current address: Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune-Mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Ilaria Bacigalupo,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Elaine Kan,

    Affiliation: Novartis Vaccines & Diagnostics, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Leonardo Sernicola,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Maria T. Maggiorella,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Katy Montin,

    Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

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  • Marco Porcu,

    Affiliation: CERM, University of Florence, Florence, Italy

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  • Patrizia Leone,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Pasqualina Leone,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

    Current address: Department of Drug Research and Evaluation, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Barbara Collacchi,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Clelia Palladino,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Barbara Ridolfi,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

    Current address: Department of Drug Research and Evaluation, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Mario Falchi,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Iole Macchia,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

    Current address: Department of Hematology, Oncology and Molecular Medicine, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Jeffrey B. Ulmer,

    Affiliation: Novartis Vaccines & Diagnostics, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Stefano Buttò,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Cecilia Sgadari,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Mauro Magnani,

    Affiliation: Department of Biomolecular Science, University of Urbino, Urbino, Italy

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  • Maurizio P. M. Federico,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Fausto Titti,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Lucia Banci,

    Affiliation: CERM, University of Florence, Florence, Italy

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  • Franco Dallocchio,

    Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

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  • Rino Rappuoli,

    Affiliation: Novartis Vaccines & Diagnostics, Inc., Siena, Italy

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  • Fabrizio Ensoli,

    Affiliation: San Gallicano Hospital, Rome, Italy

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  • Susan W. Barnett,

    Affiliation: Novartis Vaccines & Diagnostics, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Enrico Garaci,

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Barbara Ensoli mail

    barbara.ensoli@iss.it

    Affiliation: National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

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  • Published: November 13, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048781

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