Advertisement
Research Article

Repeatability of and Relationship between Potential COPD Biomarkers in Bronchoalveolar Lavage, Bronchial Biopsies, Serum, and Induced Sputum

  • Stefan Röpcke equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Stefan Röpcke, Olaf Holz

    Affiliation: Department of Biomarker Development, Nycomed GmbH, Konstanz, Germany

    X
  • Olaf Holz equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Stefan Röpcke, Olaf Holz

    olaf.holz@item.fraunhofer.de

    Affiliations: Department of Clinical Airway Research, Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine (ITEM), Hannover, Germany, Biomedical Research in Endstage and Obstructive Lung Disease Hannover (BREATH), Member of the German Center for Lung Research, Hannover, Germany

    X
  • Gereon Lauer,

    Affiliation: Department of Biomarker Development, Nycomed GmbH, Konstanz, Germany

    X
  • Meike Müller,

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Airway Research, Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine (ITEM), Hannover, Germany

    X
  • Susanne Rittinghausen,

    Affiliation: Department of Toxicology and Environmental Hygiene, Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine (ITEM), Hannover, Germany

    X
  • Peter Ernst,

    Affiliation: GeneData AG, Basel, Switzerland

    X
  • Gezim Lahu,

    Affiliation: Department of Biomarker Development, Nycomed GmbH, Konstanz, Germany

    X
  • Martin Elmlinger,

    Affiliation: Department of Biomarker Development, Nycomed GmbH, Konstanz, Germany

    X
  • Norbert Krug,

    Affiliations: Department of Clinical Airway Research, Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine (ITEM), Hannover, Germany, Biomedical Research in Endstage and Obstructive Lung Disease Hannover (BREATH), Member of the German Center for Lung Research, Hannover, Germany

    X
  • Jens M. Hohlfeld

    Affiliations: Department of Clinical Airway Research, Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine (ITEM), Hannover, Germany, Biomedical Research in Endstage and Obstructive Lung Disease Hannover (BREATH), Member of the German Center for Lung Research, Hannover, Germany

    X
  • Published: October 04, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046207

Viewed info

Cited info

Saved info

Discussed info

Questions or concerns about usage data? Please let us know.