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Research Article

When Stress Predicts a Shrinking Gene Pool, Trading Early Reproduction for Longevity Can Increase Fitness, Even with Lower Fecundity

  • William C. Ratcliff,

    Affiliation: Ecology Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Peter Hawthorne,

    Affiliation: Ecology Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

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  • Michael Travisano,

    Affiliation: Ecology Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • R. Ford Denison mail

    denis036@umn.edu

    Affiliation: Ecology Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Published: June 25, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0006055

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