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Research Article

Practicing a Musical Instrument in Childhood is Associated with Enhanced Verbal Ability and Nonverbal Reasoning

  • Marie Forgeard,

    Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Ellen Winner mail,

    winner@bc.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Psychology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States of America, Project Zero, Harvard Graduate School of Education, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Andrea Norton,

    Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Gottfried Schlaug

    Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Published: October 29, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003566

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