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Research Article

Effects of a Post-Shock Injection of the Kappa Opioid Receptor Antagonist Norbinaltorphimine (norBNI) on Fear and Anxiety in Rats

  • Benjamin Rogala equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Benjamin Rogala, Yonghui Li

    Affiliation: Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

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  • Yonghui Li equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Benjamin Rogala, Yonghui Li

    Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

    X
  • Sa Li,

    Affiliation: Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

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  • Xiaoyu Chen,

    Affiliation: Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

    X
  • Gilbert J. Kirouac mail

    kirouac@cc.umanitoba.ca

    Affiliations: Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

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  • Published: November 14, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049669

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