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Research Article

Osteoclasts in Multiple Myeloma Are Derived from Gr-1+CD11b+Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells

  • Junling Zhuang mail,

    zhuangjunling@hotmail.com (JZ); xiangli.yang@vanderbilt.edu (XY)

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine & Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America, Department of Hematology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China

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  • Jianghong Zhang,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine & Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

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  • Seint T. Lwin,

    Affiliation: Department of Cancer Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

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  • James R. Edwards,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine & Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

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  • Claire M. Edwards,

    Affiliation: Department of Cancer Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

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  • Gregory R. Mundy,

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine & Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America, Department of Cancer Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

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  • Xiangli Yang mail

    zhuangjunling@hotmail.com (JZ); xiangli.yang@vanderbilt.edu (XY)

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine & Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

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  • Published: November 16, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048871

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