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Research Article

The Phylogeography of Y-Chromosome Haplogroup H1a1a-M82 Reveals the Likely Indian Origin of the European Romani Populations

  • Niraj Rai equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Niraj Rai, Gyaneshwer Chaubey, Rakesh Tamang, George van Driem

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • Gyaneshwer Chaubey equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Niraj Rai, Gyaneshwer Chaubey, Rakesh Tamang, George van Driem

    gyanc@ebc.ee (GC); thangs@ccmb.res.in (KT)

    Affiliation: Evolutionary Biology Group, Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Rakesh Tamang equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Niraj Rai, Gyaneshwer Chaubey, Rakesh Tamang, George van Driem

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • Ajai Kumar Pathak,

    Affiliation: Department of Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Vipin Kumar Singh,

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • Monika Karmin,

    Affiliations: Evolutionary Biology Group, Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, Estonia, Department of Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Manvendra Singh,

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • Deepa Selvi Rani,

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • Sharath Anugula,

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • Brijesh Kumar Yadav,

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • Ashish Singh,

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • Ramkumar Srinivasagan,

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • Anita Yadav,

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • Manju Kashyap,

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • Sapna Narvariya,

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • Alla G. Reddy,

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • George van Driem equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Niraj Rai, Gyaneshwer Chaubey, Rakesh Tamang, George van Driem

    Affiliation: Himalayan Languages Project, Institut für Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Bern, Bern, Switzerland

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  • Peter A. Underhill,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Richard Villems,

    Affiliations: Evolutionary Biology Group, Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, Estonia, Department of Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia, Estonian Academy of Sciences, Tallinn, Estonia

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  • Toomas Kivisild,

    Affiliations: Department of Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia, Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Lalji Singh,

    Affiliations: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India, Genome Foundation, Hyderabad, India, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India

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  • Kumarasamy Thangaraj mail

    gyanc@ebc.ee (GC); thangs@ccmb.res.in (KT)

    Affiliation: CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India

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  • Published: November 28, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048477

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