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Research Article

Tough Adults, Frail Babies: An Analysis of Stress Sensitivity across Early Life-History Stages of Widely Introduced Marine Invertebrates

  • M. Carmen Pineda,

    Affiliation: Department of Animal Biology (Invertebrates), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

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  • Christopher D. McQuaid,

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology and Entomology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa

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  • Xavier Turon,

    Affiliation: Centre for Advanced Studies of Blanes (CEAB-CSIC), Blanes, Spain

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  • Susanna López-Legentil,

    Affiliation: Department of Animal Biology (Invertebrates), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

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  • Víctor Ordóñez,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

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  • Marc Rius mail

    mrius@ucdavis.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

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  • Published: October 12, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046672

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