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Research Article

Evidence for a Novel Marine Harmful Algal Bloom: Cyanotoxin (Microcystin) Transfer from Land to Sea Otters

  • Melissa A. Miller mail,

    mmiller@ospr.dfg.ca.gov

    Affiliations: Marine Wildlife Veterinary Care and Research Center, California Department of Fish and Game, Office of Spill Prevention and Response, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America, Ocean Sciences Department, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

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  • Raphael M. Kudela,

    Affiliation: Ocean Sciences Department, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

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  • Abdu Mekebri,

    Affiliation: Water Pollution Control Laboratory, California Department of Fish and Game, Office of Spill Prevention and Response, Rancho Cordova, California, United States of America

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  • Dave Crane,

    Affiliation: Water Pollution Control Laboratory, California Department of Fish and Game, Office of Spill Prevention and Response, Rancho Cordova, California, United States of America

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  • Stori C. Oates,

    Affiliation: Marine Wildlife Veterinary Care and Research Center, California Department of Fish and Game, Office of Spill Prevention and Response, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

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  • M. Timothy Tinker,

    Affiliation: Western Ecological Research Center, United States Geological Survey, Long Marine Laboratory, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

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  • Michelle Staedler,

    Affiliation: Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey, California, United States of America

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  • Woutrina A. Miller,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

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  • Sharon Toy-Choutka,

    Affiliation: Marine Wildlife Veterinary Care and Research Center, California Department of Fish and Game, Office of Spill Prevention and Response, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

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  • Clare Dominik,

    Affiliation: Applied Marine Sciences, Livermore, California, United States of America

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  • Dane Hardin,

    Affiliation: Applied Marine Sciences, Livermore, California, United States of America

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  • Gregg Langlois,

    Affiliation: California Department of Public Health, Richmond, California, United States of America

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  • Michael Murray,

    Affiliation: Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey, California, United States of America

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  • Kim Ward,

    Affiliation: Division of Water Quality, State Water Resources Control Board, Sacramento, California, United States of America

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  • David A. Jessup

    Affiliation: Marine Wildlife Veterinary Care and Research Center, California Department of Fish and Game, Office of Spill Prevention and Response, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

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  • Published: September 10, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012576

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