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Research Article

First Partial Skeleton of a 1.34-Million-Year-Old Paranthropus boisei from Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

  • Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo mail,

    m.dominguez.rodrigo@gmail.com

    Affiliations: Instituto de Evolución en África, Museo de los Orígenes, Madrid, Spain, Department of Prehistory, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain

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  • Travis Rayne Pickering,

    Affiliations: Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America, Evolutionary Studies Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, Plio-Pleistocene Palaeontology Section, Department of Vertebrates, Ditsong National Museum of Natural History (Transvaal Museum), Pretoria, South Africa

    X
  • Enrique Baquedano,

    Affiliations: Instituto de Evolución en África, Museo de los Orígenes, Madrid, Spain, Museo Arqueológico Regional, Plaza de las Bernardas s/n, Madrid, Spain

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  • Audax Mabulla,

    Affiliation: Archaeology Unit, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

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  • Darren F. Mark,

    Affiliation: Natural Environment Research Council Argon Isotope Facility, Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre, East Kilbride, Scotland, United Kingdom

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  • Charles Musiba,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado, United States of America

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  • Henry T. Bunn,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • David Uribelarrea,

    Affiliation: Department of Geodynamics, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain

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  • Victoria Smith,

    Affiliation: Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Fernando Diez-Martin,

    Affiliation: Department of Prehistory and Archaeology, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain

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  • Alfredo Pérez-González,

    Affiliation: Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana, Burgos, Spain

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  • Policarpo Sánchez,

    Affiliation: Department of Prehistory and Archaeology, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain

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  • Manuel Santonja,

    Affiliation: Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana, Burgos, Spain

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  • Doris Barboni,

    Affiliation: Centre Européen de Recherche et d'enseignement de Géosciences de l'Environnement, Aix-Marseille Université, Aix-en-Provence, France

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  • Agness Gidna,

    Affiliations: Instituto de Evolución en África, Museo de los Orígenes, Madrid, Spain, Paleontology Unit, National Museum of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

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  • Gail Ashley,

    Affiliation: Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, United States of America

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  • José Yravedra,

    Affiliation: Department of Prehistory, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain

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  • Jason L. Heaton,

    Affiliations: Plio-Pleistocene Palaeontology Section, Department of Vertebrates, Ditsong National Museum of Natural History (Transvaal Museum), Pretoria, South Africa, Department of Biology, Birmingham-Southern College, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

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  • Maria Carmen Arriaza

    Affiliation: Department of Prehistory, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain

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  • Published: December 05, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080347

About the Authors

Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo, Enrique Baquedano, Agness Gidna
Instituto de Evolución en África, Museo de los Orígenes, Madrid, Spain
Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo, José Yravedra, Maria Carmen Arriaza
Department of Prehistory, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
Travis Rayne Pickering, Henry T. Bunn
Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
Travis Rayne Pickering
Evolutionary Studies Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Travis Rayne Pickering, Jason L. Heaton
Plio-Pleistocene Palaeontology Section, Department of Vertebrates, Ditsong National Museum of Natural History (Transvaal Museum), Pretoria, South Africa
Enrique Baquedano
Museo Arqueológico Regional, Plaza de las Bernardas s/n, Madrid, Spain
Audax Mabulla
Archaeology Unit, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Darren F. Mark
Natural Environment Research Council Argon Isotope Facility, Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre, East Kilbride, Scotland, United Kingdom
Charles Musiba
Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado, United States of America
David Uribelarrea
Department of Geodynamics, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
Victoria Smith
Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Fernando Diez-Martin, Policarpo Sánchez
Department of Prehistory and Archaeology, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
Alfredo Pérez-González, Manuel Santonja
Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana, Burgos, Spain
Doris Barboni
Centre Européen de Recherche et d'enseignement de Géosciences de l'Environnement, Aix-Marseille Université, Aix-en-Provence, France
Agness Gidna
Paleontology Unit, National Museum of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Gail Ashley
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, United States of America
Jason L. Heaton
Department of Biology, Birmingham-Southern College, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: m.dominguez.rodrigo@gmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MDR TRP. Performed the experiments: MDR TRP. Analyzed the data: MDR TRP CM DM VS JLH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DM VS. Wrote the paper: MDR TRP DM VS. Field work: EB AM HTB DU FDM APG PS MS DB AG GA JY MCA.