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Research Article

Ancient DNA Analysis Affirms the Canid from Altai as a Primitive Dog

  • Anna S. Druzhkova equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Anna S. Druzhkova, Olaf Thalmann

    Affiliation: Department of Genomic Diversity and Evolution, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

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  • Olaf Thalmann equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Anna S. Druzhkova, Olaf Thalmann

    Affiliation: Division of Genetics and Physiology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland

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  • Vladimir A. Trifonov mail,

    vlad@mcb.nsc.ru

    Affiliation: Department of Genomic Diversity and Evolution, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

    X
  • Jennifer A. Leonard,

    Affiliation: Conservation and Evolutionary Genetics Group, Estación Biológica de Doñana (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas), Seville, Spain

    X
  • Nadezhda V. Vorobieva,

    Affiliation: Department of Genomic Diversity and Evolution, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

    X
  • Nikolai D. Ovodov,

    Affiliation: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

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  • Alexander S. Graphodatsky,

    Affiliation: Department of Genomic Diversity and Evolution, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

    X
  • Robert K. Wayne

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Published: March 06, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057754

About the Authors

Anna S. Druzhkova, Vladimir A. Trifonov, Nadezhda V. Vorobieva, Alexander S. Graphodatsky
Department of Genomic Diversity and Evolution, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia
Olaf Thalmann
Division of Genetics and Physiology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
Jennifer A. Leonard
Conservation and Evolutionary Genetics Group, Estación Biológica de Doñana (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas), Seville, Spain
Nikolai D. Ovodov
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia
Robert K. Wayne
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: vlad@mcb.nsc.ru

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ASG RKW. Performed the experiments: ASD. Analyzed the data: ASD OT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NO NVV. Wrote the paper: OT VAT ASD JAL RKW ASG.