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Research Article

Inside the “African Cattle Complex”: Animal Burials in the Holocene Central Sahara

  • Savino di Lernia mail,

    savino.dilernia@uniroma1.it

    Affiliations: Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Antichità, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy, School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

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  • Mary Anne Tafuri,

    Affiliations: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Dipartimento di Biologia Ambientale, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy

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  • Marina Gallinaro,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Antichità, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy

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  • Francesca Alhaique,

    Affiliations: Dipartimento di Biologia Ambientale, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy, Department of Anthropology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

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  • Marie Balasse,

    Affiliation: UMR 7209 “Archéozoologie, archéobotanique: sociétés, pratiques et environnements”, CNRS/MNHN, Paris, France

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  • Lucia Cavorsi,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Antichità, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy

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  • Paul D. Fullagar,

    Affiliation: Department of Geological Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Anna Maria Mercuri,

    Affiliation: Laboratorio di Palinologia e Paleobotanica, Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy

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  • Andrea Monaco,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Antichità, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy

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  • Alessandro Perego,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra “A. Desio”, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy

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  • Andrea Zerboni

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra “A. Desio”, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy

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  • Published: February 20, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056879

About the Authors

Savino di Lernia, Marina Gallinaro, Lucia Cavorsi, Andrea Monaco
Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Antichità, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy
Savino di Lernia
School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Mary Anne Tafuri
McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Mary Anne Tafuri, Francesca Alhaique
Dipartimento di Biologia Ambientale, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy
Francesca Alhaique
Department of Anthropology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America
Marie Balasse
UMR 7209 “Archéozoologie, archéobotanique: sociétés, pratiques et environnements”, CNRS/MNHN, Paris, France
Paul D. Fullagar
Department of Geological Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
Anna Maria Mercuri
Laboratorio di Palinologia e Paleobotanica, Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
Alessandro Perego, Andrea Zerboni
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra “A. Desio”, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy

Corresponding Author

Email: savino.dilernia@uniroma1.it

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Directed the fieldwork: SDL. Coordinated and performed isotopic studies: MAT. Implemented GIS information and analysed rock art: MG. Studied the faunal remains and wrote the relevant parts of the paper: FA. Performed and interpreted Carbon and Oxygen analyses and wrote the relevant parts of the paper: MB. Performed pollen and botanical studies and wrote the relevant parts of the paper: AMM. Performed strontium analysis: PF. Provided geomorphological data: AP AZ. Excavated and studied archaeological materials: LC MG AM. Conceived and designed the experiments: SDL MAT. Performed the experiments: SDL MAT MG FA MB PF AMM AM. Analyzed the data: SDL MAT MG FA MB AMM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SDL MAT MG FA MB LC PF AMM AM AP AZ. Wrote the paper: SDL MAT MG.