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Research Article

Why the Long Face? The Mechanics of Mandibular Symphysis Proportions in Crocodiles

  • Christopher W. Walmsley mail,

    c.w.walmsley@gmail.com

    Affiliations: Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, School of Biomedical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, School of Engineering, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Peter D. Smits,

    Affiliations: School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Committee on Evolutionary Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

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  • Michelle R. Quayle,

    Affiliation: Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, School of Biomedical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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  • Matthew R. McCurry,

    Affiliation: Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, School of Biomedical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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  • Heather S. Richards,

    Affiliation: School of Engineering, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Christopher C. Oldfield,

    Affiliation: School of Engineering, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Stephen Wroe,

    Affiliations: School of Engineering, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, School of Biological, Environmental and Earth Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Phillip D. Clausen,

    Affiliation: School of Engineering, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Colin R. McHenry

    Affiliations: Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, School of Biomedical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, School of Engineering, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Published: January 16, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053873

About the Authors

Christopher W. Walmsley, Michelle R. Quayle, Matthew R. McCurry, Colin R. McHenry
Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, School of Biomedical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Christopher W. Walmsley, Heather S. Richards, Christopher C. Oldfield, Stephen Wroe, Phillip D. Clausen, Colin R. McHenry
School of Engineering, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
Peter D. Smits
School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Peter D. Smits
Committee on Evolutionary Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
Stephen Wroe
School of Biological, Environmental and Earth Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: c.w.walmsley@gmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Image design and creation: CWW MRQ MRM CRM. Conceived and designed the experiments: CWW PDC CRM. Performed the experiments: CWW CCO PDC. Analyzed the data: CWW PDS CRM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CWW MRM HSR SW PDC CRM. Wrote the paper: CWW PDS CRM.