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Research Article

Anticoagulant Rodenticides on our Public and Community Lands: Spatial Distribution of Exposure and Poisoning of a Rare Forest Carnivore

  • Mourad W. Gabriel mail,

    mwgabriel@ucdavis.edu

    Affiliations: Integral Ecology Research Center, Blue Lake, California, United States of America, Veterinary Genetics Laboratory, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

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  • Leslie W. Woods,

    Affiliation: California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

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  • Robert Poppenga,

    Affiliation: California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

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  • Rick A. Sweitzer,

    Affiliation: Sierra Nevada Adaptive Management Project, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

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  • Craig Thompson,

    Affiliation: Pacific Southwest Research Station-Sierra Nevada Research Center, United States Forest Service, Fresno California, United States of America

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  • Sean M. Matthews,

    Affiliation: Wildlife Conservation Society, Hoopa, California, United States of America

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  • J. Mark Higley,

    Affiliation: Wildlife Department, Hoopa Tribal Forestry, Hoopa, California, United States of America

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  • Stefan M. Keller,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

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  • Kathryn Purcell,

    Affiliation: Pacific Southwest Research Station-Sierra Nevada Research Center, United States Forest Service, Fresno California, United States of America

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  • Reginald H. Barrett,

    Affiliation: Sierra Nevada Adaptive Management Project, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

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  • Greta M. Wengert,

    Affiliation: Integral Ecology Research Center, Blue Lake, California, United States of America

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  • Benjamin N. Sacks,

    Affiliation: Veterinary Genetics Laboratory, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

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  • Deana L. Clifford

    Affiliation: Wildlife Investigations Laboratory, California Department of Fish and Game, Rancho Cordova, California, United States of America

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  • Published: July 13, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040163

About the Authors

Mourad W. Gabriel, Greta M. Wengert
Integral Ecology Research Center, Blue Lake, California, United States of America
Mourad W. Gabriel, Benjamin N. Sacks
Veterinary Genetics Laboratory, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
Leslie W. Woods, Robert Poppenga
California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
Rick A. Sweitzer, Reginald H. Barrett
Sierra Nevada Adaptive Management Project, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America
Craig Thompson, Kathryn Purcell
Pacific Southwest Research Station-Sierra Nevada Research Center, United States Forest Service, Fresno California, United States of America
Sean M. Matthews
Wildlife Conservation Society, Hoopa, California, United States of America
J. Mark Higley
Wildlife Department, Hoopa Tribal Forestry, Hoopa, California, United States of America
Stefan M. Keller
Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
Deana L. Clifford
Wildlife Investigations Laboratory, California Department of Fish and Game, Rancho Cordova, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: mwgabriel@ucdavis.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MWG LWW RHP RAS CT SMM JMH SMK KP RHB GMW DLC. Performed the experiments: MWG LWW RHP RAS CT SMM JMH SMK KP RHB GMW DLC. Analyzed the data: MWG LWW RHP RAS CT SMM JMH SMK KP RHB GMW BNS DLC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MWG LWW RHP RAS CT SMM JMH SMK KP RHB GMW DLC. Wrote the paper: MWG LWW RHP GMW BNS DLC. Acquisition of funding: MWG RAS CT SMM JMH KP RHB GMW.