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Research Article

Genomic Characterization of Methanomicrobiales Reveals Three Classes of Methanogens

  • Iain Anderson mail,

    IJAnderson@lbl.gov

    Affiliation: Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

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  • Luke E. Ulrich,

    Affiliation: Joint Institute for Computational Sciences, University of Tennessee – Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States of America

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  • Boguslaw Lupa,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Dwi Susanti,

    Affiliations: Virginia Bioinformatics Institute, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America, Department of Genetics, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Iris Porat,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    Current address: Biological and Environmental Sciences Directorate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States of America

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  • Sean D. Hooper,

    Affiliation: Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

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  • Athanasios Lykidis,

    Affiliation: Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

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  • Magdalena Sieprawska-Lupa,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Lakshmi Dharmarajan,

    Affiliations: Virginia Bioinformatics Institute, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America, Department of Genetics, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Eugene Goltsman,

    Affiliation: Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

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  • Alla Lapidus,

    Affiliation: Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

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  • Elizabeth Saunders,

    Affiliation: Joint Genome Institute, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Bioscience Division, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America

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  • Cliff Han,

    Affiliation: Joint Genome Institute, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Bioscience Division, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America

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  • Miriam Land,

    Affiliation: Bioscience Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States of America

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  • Susan Lucas,

    Affiliation: Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

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  • Biswarup Mukhopadhyay,

    Affiliations: Virginia Bioinformatics Institute, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America, Department of Biochemistry, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America, Department of Biological Sciences, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America, Department of Genetics, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

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  • William B. Whitman,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Carl Woese,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

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  • James Bristow,

    Affiliation: Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

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  • Nikos Kyrpides

    Affiliation: Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

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  • Published: June 04, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0005797

About the Authors

Iain Anderson, Sean D. Hooper, Athanasios Lykidis, Eugene Goltsman, Alla Lapidus, Susan Lucas, James Bristow, Nikos Kyrpides
Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America
Luke E. Ulrich
Joint Institute for Computational Sciences, University of Tennessee – Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States of America
Boguslaw Lupa, Iris Porat, Magdalena Sieprawska-Lupa, William B. Whitman
Department of Microbiology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America
Dwi Susanti, Lakshmi Dharmarajan, Biswarup Mukhopadhyay
Virginia Bioinformatics Institute, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America
Biswarup Mukhopadhyay
Department of Biochemistry, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America
Biswarup Mukhopadhyay
Department of Biological Sciences, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America
Dwi Susanti, Lakshmi Dharmarajan, Biswarup Mukhopadhyay
Department of Genetics, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America
Elizabeth Saunders, Cliff Han
Joint Genome Institute, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Bioscience Division, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America
Miriam Land
Bioscience Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States of America
Carl Woese
Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: IJAnderson@lbl.gov

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CW JB NCK. Performed the experiments: SDH AL EG AL ES CSH MLL SL. Analyzed the data: IA LEU BL DS IP LD BM WW NCK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MSL. Wrote the paper: IA LEU BL DS IP BM WW NCK.