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Research Article

El Niño-Southern Oscillation Is Linked to Decreased Energetic Condition in Long-Distance Migrants

  • Kristina L. Paxton mail,

    kpaxton@hawaii.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, United States of America

    Current address: Department of Biology, University of Hawaii, Hilo, Hawaii, United States of America

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  • Emily B. Cohen,

    Affiliation: Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Migratory Bird Center, National Zoological Park, Washington, DC, United States of America

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  • Eben H. Paxton,

    Affiliation: Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center, United States Geological Survey, Hawaii National Park, Hawaii, United States of America

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  • Zoltán Németh,

    Affiliation: Department of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

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  • Frank R. Moore

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, United States of America

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  • Published: May 02, 2014
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095383

About the Authors

Kristina L. Paxton, Frank R. Moore
Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, United States of America
Emily B. Cohen
Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Migratory Bird Center, National Zoological Park, Washington, DC, United States of America
Eben H. Paxton
Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center, United States Geological Survey, Hawaii National Park, Hawaii, United States of America
Zoltán Németh
Department of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: kpaxton@hawaii.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KLP EBC EHP ZN FRM. Analyzed the data: KLP EBC EHP. Wrote the paper: KLP. Contributed substantially to revisions: EBC EHP ZN FRM.