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Research Article

Reconstructing the Life of an Unknown (ca. 500 Years-Old South American Inca) Mummy – Multidisciplinary Study of a Peruvian Inca Mummy Suggests Severe Chagas Disease and Ritual Homicide

  • Stephanie Panzer,

    Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Trauma Center Murnau, Murnau, Germany and Biomechanics Laboratory, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg and Trauma Center Murnau, Murnau, Germany

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  • Oliver Peschel,

    Affiliation: Institute of Legal Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany

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  • Brigitte Haas-Gebhard,

    Affiliation: Bavarian State Archaeological Collection and Museum, Munich, Germany

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  • Beatrice E. Bachmeier,

    Affiliation: Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich, Germany

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  • Carsten M. Pusch,

    Affiliation: Institute of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Eberhard-Karls-University Tübingen, Germany

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  • Andreas G. Nerlich mail

    Andreas.Nerlich@extern.lrz-muenchen.de

    Affiliation: Institute of Pathology, Academic Clinic München-Bogenhausen, Munich, Germany

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  • Published: February 26, 2014
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0089528

About the Authors

Stephanie Panzer
Department of Radiology, Trauma Center Murnau, Murnau, Germany and Biomechanics Laboratory, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg and Trauma Center Murnau, Murnau, Germany
Oliver Peschel
Institute of Legal Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
Brigitte Haas-Gebhard
Bavarian State Archaeological Collection and Museum, Munich, Germany
Beatrice E. Bachmeier
Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich, Germany
Carsten M. Pusch
Institute of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Eberhard-Karls-University Tübingen, Germany
Andreas G. Nerlich
Institute of Pathology, Academic Clinic München-Bogenhausen, Munich, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: Andreas.Nerlich@extern.lrz-muenchen.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SP OP BEB CMP AGN. Performed the experiments: SP BEB CMP AGN. Analyzed the data: SP OP BEB CMP AGN. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SP BEB CMP AGN. Wrote the paper: SP OP BHG AGN.