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Research Article

Metamorphosis of a Butterfly-Associated Bacterial Community

  • Tobin J. Hammer mail,

    tobin.hammer@colorado.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, United States of America, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama City, Republic of Panama

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  • W. Owen McMillan,

    Affiliation: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama City, Republic of Panama

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  • Noah Fierer

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, United States of America

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  • Published: January 23, 2014
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086995

About the Authors

Tobin J. Hammer, Noah Fierer
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, United States of America
Tobin J. Hammer, W. Owen McMillan
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama City, Republic of Panama

Corresponding Author

Email: tobin.hammer@colorado.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TJH WOM NF. Performed the experiments: TJH. Analyzed the data: TJH NF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: WOM NF. Wrote the paper: TJH NF.