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Research Article

Shifting Baselines on a Tropical Forest Frontier: Extirpations Drive Declines in Local Ecological Knowledge

  • Zhang Kai,

    Affiliations: Program for Field Studies in Tropical Asia (www.pfs-tropasia.org), Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, China, Ecology, Conservation, and Environment Center (ECEC), State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China

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  • Teoh Shu Woan,

    Affiliations: Program for Field Studies in Tropical Asia (www.pfs-tropasia.org), Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, China, Danau Girang Field Centre, Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary, Sandakan, Malaysia

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  • Li Jie,

    Affiliations: Program for Field Studies in Tropical Asia (www.pfs-tropasia.org), Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, China, Bulong Nature Reserve, Jinghong, China

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  • Eben Goodale,

    Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, China

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  • Kaoru Kitajima,

    Affiliation: Department of Botany, University of Florida, Gainesville, United States of America

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  • Robert Bagchi,

    Affiliation: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zürich, Ecosystem Management Group, Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, Zürich, Switzerland

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  • Rhett D. Harrison mail

    r.harrison@cgiar.org

    Affiliations: Centre for Mountain Ecosystem Studies (CMES), Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China, World Agroforestry Centre, East Asia Node, Kunming, China

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  • Published: January 21, 2014
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086598

About the Authors

Zhang Kai, Teoh Shu Woan, Li Jie
Program for Field Studies in Tropical Asia (www.pfs-tropasia.org), Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, China
Zhang Kai
Ecology, Conservation, and Environment Center (ECEC), State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
Teoh Shu Woan
Danau Girang Field Centre, Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary, Sandakan, Malaysia
Li Jie
Bulong Nature Reserve, Jinghong, China
Eben Goodale
Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, China
Kaoru Kitajima
Department of Botany, University of Florida, Gainesville, United States of America
Robert Bagchi
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zürich, Ecosystem Management Group, Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, Zürich, Switzerland
Rhett D. Harrison
Centre for Mountain Ecosystem Studies (CMES), Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
Rhett D. Harrison
World Agroforestry Centre, East Asia Node, Kunming, China

Corresponding Author

Email: r.harrison@cgiar.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ZK TSW LJ EG KK RDH. Performed the experiments: ZK TSW LJ. Analyzed the data: ZK RB RDH. Wrote the paper: ZK EG RDH. Read and commented on the manuscript: ZK TSW LJ EG KK RB RDH.