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Research Article

Efficacy of a Low-Cost Bubble CPAP System in Treatment of Respiratory Distress in a Neonatal Ward in Malawi

  • Kondwani Kawaza,

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi

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  • Heather E. Machen,

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America

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  • Jocelyn Brown,

    Affiliation: Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas, United States of America

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  • Zondiwe Mwanza,

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi

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  • Suzanne Iniguez,

    Affiliation: Department of Respiratory Care, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas, United States of America

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  • Al Gest,

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America

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  • E. O'Brian Smith,

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America

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  • Maria Oden,

    Affiliation: Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas, United States of America

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  • Rebecca R. Richards-Kortum mail,

    rkortum@rice.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas, United States of America

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  • Elizabeth Molyneux

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi

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  • Published: January 29, 2014
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086327

About the Authors

Kondwani Kawaza, Zondiwe Mwanza, Elizabeth Molyneux
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi
Heather E. Machen, Al Gest, E. O'Brian Smith
Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America
Jocelyn Brown, Maria Oden, Rebecca R. Richards-Kortum
Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas, United States of America
Suzanne Iniguez
Department of Respiratory Care, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: rkortum@rice.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RRR-K MO HEM EM. Performed the experiments: RRR-K MO HEM EM EOS KK JB ZM. Analyzed the data: RRR-K MO EOS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SI HM JB AG. Wrote the paper: RRR-K MO HEM EM KK EOS ZM SI JB AG. Designed training materials for bCPAP: SI HEM JB AG. Led the staff training: SI.