Advertisement
Research Article

Holsteins Favor Heifers, Not Bulls: Biased Milk Production Programmed during Pregnancy as a Function of Fetal Sex

  • Katie Hinde mail,

    khinde@fas.harvard.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America, Nutrition Laboratory, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, National Zoological Park, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America, Brain, Mind, and Behavior Unit, California National Primate Research Center, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

    X
  • Abigail J. Carpenter,

    Affiliation: Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America

    X
  • John S. Clay,

    Affiliation: Dairy Records Management Systems, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Barry J. Bradford

    Affiliation: Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America

    X
  • Published: February 03, 2014
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086169

About the Authors

Katie Hinde
Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
Abigail J. Carpenter, Barry J. Bradford
Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America
John S. Clay
Dairy Records Management Systems, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America
Katie Hinde
Nutrition Laboratory, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, National Zoological Park, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America
Katie Hinde
Brain, Mind, and Behavior Unit, California National Primate Research Center, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: khinde@fas.harvard.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KH BJB AC. Analyzed the data: BJB AC KH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JC. Wrote the paper: KH BJB AC. Provided comments on manuscript: JC.