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Research Article

Can Force Feedback and Science Learning Enhance the Effectiveness of Neuro-Rehabilitation? An Experimental Study on Using a Low-Cost 3D Joystick and a Virtual Visit to a Zoo

  • Paolo Cappa,

    Affiliations: Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Brooklyn, New York, United States of America, Movement Analysis and Robotics Laboratory (MARLab), Neurorehabilitation Division, IRCCS Children’s Hospital “Bambino Gesù,” Roma, Italy

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  • Andrea Clerico,

    Affiliations: Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Brooklyn, New York, United States of America

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  • Oded Nov,

    Affiliation: Department of Technology Management and Innovation, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Brooklyn, New York, United States of America

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  • Maurizio Porfiri mail

    mporfiri@nyu.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Brooklyn, New York, United States of America

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  • Published: December 13, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083945

About the Authors

Paolo Cappa, Andrea Clerico
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
Paolo Cappa, Andrea Clerico, Maurizio Porfiri
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Brooklyn, New York, United States of America
Paolo Cappa
Movement Analysis and Robotics Laboratory (MARLab), Neurorehabilitation Division, IRCCS Children’s Hospital “Bambino Gesù,” Roma, Italy
Oded Nov
Department of Technology Management and Innovation, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Brooklyn, New York, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: mporfiri@nyu.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PC ON MP. Performed the experiments: AC. Analyzed the data: PC AC ON MP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PC AC ON MP. Wrote the manuscript: PC ON MP.