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Research Article

Human Infant Faces Provoke Implicit Positive Affective Responses in Parents and Non-Parents Alike

  • Vincenzo Paolo Senese mail,

    vincenzopaolo.senese@unina2.it

    Affiliation: Psychometric Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Second University of Naples, Caserta, Italy

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  • Simona De Falco,

    Affiliation: Department of Psychology and Cognitive Sciences, University of Trento, Trento, Italy

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  • Marc H. Bornstein,

    Affiliation: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Andrea Caria,

    Affiliation: Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology Eberhard Karls, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

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  • Simona Buffolino,

    Affiliation: Psychometric Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Second University of Naples, Caserta, Italy

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  • Paola Venuti

    Affiliation: Department of Psychology and Cognitive Sciences, University of Trento, Trento, Italy

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  • Published: November 25, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080379

About the Authors

Vincenzo Paolo Senese, Simona Buffolino
Psychometric Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Second University of Naples, Caserta, Italy
Simona De Falco, Paola Venuti
Department of Psychology and Cognitive Sciences, University of Trento, Trento, Italy
Marc H. Bornstein
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
Andrea Caria
Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology Eberhard Karls, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: vincenzopaolo.senese@unina2.it

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: VPS SDF MHB AC PV. Performed the experiments: VPS SB. Analyzed the data: VPS MHB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SDF AC PV. Wrote the paper: VPS SDF MHB AC SB PV.