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Research Article

Inadequate Awareness among Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Regarding Food and Drinks Containing Artificially Added Phosphate

  • Yoshiko Shutto,

    Affiliation: Department of Health Promotion, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hirosaki, Japan

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  • Michiko Shimada,

    Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, Respiratory Medicine and Nephrology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan

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  • Maiko Kitajima,

    Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, Respiratory Medicine and Nephrology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan

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  • Hideaki Yamabe,

    Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, Respiratory Medicine and Nephrology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan

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  • Yoko Saitoh,

    Affiliation: Oyokyo Kidney Research Institute Hirosaki Hospital, Hirosaki, Japan

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  • Hisao Saitoh,

    Affiliation: Oyokyo Kidney Research Institute Hirosaki Hospital, Hirosaki, Japan

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  • Mohammed S. Razzaque mail

    mrazzaque@hms.harvard.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Oral Medicine, Infection & Immunity, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Published: November 13, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078660

About the Authors

Yoshiko Shutto
Department of Health Promotion, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hirosaki, Japan
Michiko Shimada, Maiko Kitajima, Hideaki Yamabe
Department of Cardiology, Respiratory Medicine and Nephrology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan
Yoko Saitoh, Hisao Saitoh
Oyokyo Kidney Research Institute Hirosaki Hospital, Hirosaki, Japan
Mohammed S. Razzaque
Department of Oral Medicine, Infection & Immunity, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: mrazzaque@hms.harvard.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HY MSR. Performed the experiments: Y. Shutto MS MK Y. Saitoh HS. Analyzed the data: Y. Shutto MS MK HY. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: Y. Shutto, MS MK Y. Saitoh HS HY. Wrote the paper: MSR.