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Research Article

Is “Huh?” a Universal Word? Conversational Infrastructure and the Convergent Evolution of Linguistic Items

  • Mark Dingemanse mail,

    mark.dingemanse@mpi.nl

    Affiliation: Language and Cognition Department, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

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  • Francisco Torreira,

    Affiliation: Language and Cognition Department, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

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  • N. J. Enfield

    Affiliations: Language and Cognition Department, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, Centre for Language Studies, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

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  • Published: November 08, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078273

About the Authors

Mark Dingemanse, Francisco Torreira, N. J. Enfield
Language and Cognition Department, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
N. J. Enfield
Centre for Language Studies, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author

Email: mark.dingemanse@mpi.nl

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MD FT NJE. Performed the experiments: MD FT NJE. Analyzed the data: MD FT NJE. Wrote the paper: MD NJE FT. Performed the instrumental analysis: FT.