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Research Article

Afghan Hindu Kush: Where Eurasian Sub-Continent Gene Flows Converge

  • Julie Di Cristofaro equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Julie Di Cristofaro, Erwan Pennarun

    Affiliation: Aix Marseille Université, ADES UMR7268, CNRS, EFS-AM, Marseille, France

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  • Erwan Pennarun equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Julie Di Cristofaro, Erwan Pennarun

    Affiliation: Estonian Biocentre and Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Stéphane Mazières,

    Affiliation: Aix Marseille Université, ADES UMR7268, CNRS, EFS-AM, Marseille, France

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  • Natalie M. Myres,

    Affiliation: Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America

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  • Alice A. Lin,

    Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Shah Aga Temori,

    Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry, Kabul Medical University, Kabul, Afghanistan

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  • Mait Metspalu,

    Affiliation: Estonian Biocentre and Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Ene Metspalu,

    Affiliation: Estonian Biocentre and Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Michael Witzel,

    Affiliation: Department of South Asian Studies, Harvard University. Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Roy J. King,

    Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Peter A. Underhill,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Richard Villems,

    Affiliations: Estonian Biocentre and Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia, Estonian Academy of Sciences, Tallinn, Estonia

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  • Jacques Chiaroni mail

    jacques.chiaroni@efs.sante.fr

    Affiliation: Aix Marseille Université, ADES UMR7268, CNRS, EFS-AM, Marseille, France

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  • Published: October 18, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0076748

About the Authors

Julie Di Cristofaro, Stéphane Mazières, Jacques Chiaroni
Aix Marseille Université, ADES UMR7268, CNRS, EFS-AM, Marseille, France
Erwan Pennarun, Mait Metspalu, Ene Metspalu, Richard Villems
Estonian Biocentre and Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
Natalie M. Myres
Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America
Alice A. Lin, Roy J. King
Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America
Shah Aga Temori
Department of Biochemistry, Kabul Medical University, Kabul, Afghanistan
Michael Witzel
Department of South Asian Studies, Harvard University. Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
Peter A. Underhill
Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America
Richard Villems
Estonian Academy of Sciences, Tallinn, Estonia

Corresponding Author

Email: jacques.chiaroni@efs.sante.fr

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Analyzed the data: JDC EP SM EM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NMM PAU RV. Wrote the paper: JDC EP SM MM MW RJK PAU RV JC. Designed the research: PAU RV JC. Performed the analyses: JDC EP NMM AAL. Provided samples: SAT NMM. Drew the figures: JDC EP SM EM.