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Research Article

Caught in the Middle: Combined Impacts of Shark Removal and Coral Loss on the Fish Communities of Coral Reefs

  • Jonathan L. W. Ruppert mail,

    jonathan.ruppert@utoronto.ca

    Affiliations: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, Australian Institute of Marine Science, University of Western Australia Oceans Institute, Crawley, Australia

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  • Michael J. Travers,

    Affiliation: Australian Institute of Marine Science, University of Western Australia Oceans Institute, Crawley, Australia

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  • Luke L. Smith,

    Affiliation: Woodside Energy, Perth, Australia

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  • Marie-Josée Fortin,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

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  • Mark G. Meekan

    Affiliation: Australian Institute of Marine Science, University of Western Australia Oceans Institute, Crawley, Australia

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  • Published: September 18, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074648

About the Authors

Jonathan L. W. Ruppert, Marie-Josée Fortin
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Jonathan L. W. Ruppert, Michael J. Travers, Mark G. Meekan
Australian Institute of Marine Science, University of Western Australia Oceans Institute, Crawley, Australia
Luke L. Smith
Woodside Energy, Perth, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: jonathan.ruppert@utoronto.ca

Competing Interests

The authors declare that Dr. Luke Smith is affiliated to Woodside Energy Ltd. This does not alter their adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JLWR MGM MJT. Performed the experiments: MGM LS MJT. Analyzed the data: JLWR M-JF. Wrote the paper: JLWR MGM LS MJT M-JF.