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Research Article

Pandemic H1N1 Influenza Isolated from Free-Ranging Northern Elephant Seals in 2010 off the Central California Coast

  • Tracey Goldstein equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Tracey Goldstein, Ignacio Mena

    tgoldstein@ucdavis.edu

    Affiliation: One Health Institute, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

    X
  • Ignacio Mena equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Tracey Goldstein, Ignacio Mena

    Affiliations: Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America, Global Health and Emerging Pathogens Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Simon J. Anthony,

    Affiliation: Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Rafael Medina,

    Affiliations: Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America, Global Health and Emerging Pathogens Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America, Laboratory Molecular Virology, Instituto Milenio en Inmunología e Inmunoterapia, Centro de Investigaciones Médicas y División de Pediatría, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile

    X
  • Patrick W. Robinson,

    Affiliation: Center for Ocean Health, Long Marine Laboratory, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

    X
  • Denise J. Greig,

    Affiliation: The Marine Mammal Center, Sausalito, California, United States of America

    X
  • Daniel P. Costa,

    Affiliation: Center for Ocean Health, Long Marine Laboratory, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

    X
  • W. Ian Lipkin,

    Affiliation: Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Adolfo Garcia-Sastre,

    Affiliations: Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America, Global Health and Emerging Pathogens Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Walter M. Boyce

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology, Immunology and Microbiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

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  • Published: May 15, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062259

About the Authors

Tracey Goldstein
One Health Institute, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
Ignacio Mena, Rafael Medina, Adolfo Garcia-Sastre
Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America
Ignacio Mena, Rafael Medina, Adolfo Garcia-Sastre
Global Health and Emerging Pathogens Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America
Simon J. Anthony, W. Ian Lipkin
Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America
Rafael Medina
Laboratory Molecular Virology, Instituto Milenio en Inmunología e Inmunoterapia, Centro de Investigaciones Médicas y División de Pediatría, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Patrick W. Robinson, Daniel P. Costa
Center for Ocean Health, Long Marine Laboratory, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America
Denise J. Greig
The Marine Mammal Center, Sausalito, California, United States of America
Walter M. Boyce
Department of Pathology, Immunology and Microbiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: tgoldstein@ucdavis.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TG WMB IM AG-S RM. Performed the experiments: TG IM SJA PWR DJG. Analyzed the data: TG IM SJA RM PWR WMB AG-S. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: WMB DPC WIL AG-S DJG. Wrote the paper: TG IM RM PWR AG-S WMB.