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Research Article

Association of Over-The-Counter Pharmaceutical Sales with Influenza-Like-Illnesses to Patient Volume in an Urgent Care Setting

  • Timothy Y. Liu,

    Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Jason L. Sanders,

    Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Fu-Chiang Tsui,

    Affiliations: University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Real-time Outbreak and Disease Surveillance Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Jeremy U. Espino,

    Affiliations: University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Real-time Outbreak and Disease Surveillance Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Virginia M. Dato,

    Affiliations: University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Pennsylvania Department of Health, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Joe Suyama mail

    suyamaj@upmc.edu

    Affiliations: University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Urgent Care at Shadyside, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Published: March 21, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059273

About the Authors

Timothy Y. Liu, Jason L. Sanders, Fu-Chiang Tsui, Jeremy U. Espino, Virginia M. Dato, Joe Suyama
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Fu-Chiang Tsui, Jeremy U. Espino
Real-time Outbreak and Disease Surveillance Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Joe Suyama
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Urgent Care at Shadyside, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Virginia M. Dato
Pennsylvania Department of Health, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: suyamaj@upmc.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TL J. Suyama JE FT J. Sanders VD. Performed the experiments: J. Suyama TL J. Sanders. Analyzed the data: J. Sanders FT JE. Wrote the paper: J. Suyama TL J. Sanders VD JE FT.