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Research Article

Implicating Culicoides Biting Midges as Vectors of Schmallenberg Virus Using Semi-Quantitative RT-PCR

  • Eva Veronesi,

    Affiliation: VVD Program, The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom

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  • Mark Henstock,

    Affiliation: VVD Program, The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom

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  • Simon Gubbins,

    Affiliation: VVD Program, The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom

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  • Carrie Batten,

    Affiliation: VVD Program, The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom

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  • Robyn Manley,

    Affiliation: VVD Program, The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom

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  • James Barber,

    Affiliation: VVD Program, The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom

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  • Bernd Hoffmann,

    Affiliation: Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany

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  • Martin Beer,

    Affiliation: Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany

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  • Houssam Attoui,

    Affiliation: VVD Program, The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom

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  • Peter Paul Clement Mertens,

    Affiliation: VVD Program, The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom

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  • Simon Carpenter mail

    simon.carpenter@pirbright.ac.uk

    Affiliation: VVD Program, The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom

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  • Published: March 08, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057747

About the Authors

Eva Veronesi, Mark Henstock, Simon Gubbins, Carrie Batten, Robyn Manley, James Barber, Houssam Attoui, Peter Paul Clement Mertens, Simon Carpenter
VVD Program, The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom
Bernd Hoffmann, Martin Beer
Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: simon.carpenter@pirbright.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors can confirm that Simon Gubbins, Houssam Attoui and Martin Beer are all PLOS ONE Editorial Board members. This does not alter the authors’ adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on data sharing and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EV CB HA PPCM SC. Performed the experiments: EV MH RM JB. Analyzed the data: SG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HA MH CB BH MB. Wrote the paper: SC SG EV MB BH.