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Research Article

West Africa - A Safe Haven for Frogs? A Sub-Continental Assessment of the Chytrid Fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis)

  • Johannes Penner mail,

    johannes.penner@mfn-berlin.de

    Affiliation: Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity, Berlin, Germany

    X
  • Gilbert B. Adum,

    Affiliation: Department of Wildlife and Range Management, Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources, CANR, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana

    X
  • Matthew T. McElroy,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology and Burke Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

    X
  • Thomas Doherty-Bone,

    Affiliations: Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom, Institute of Zoology, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Mareike Hirschfeld,

    Affiliation: Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity, Berlin, Germany

    X
  • Laura Sandberger,

    Affiliation: Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity, Berlin, Germany

    X
  • Ché Weldon,

    Affiliation: Unit for Environmental Research, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa

    X
  • Andrew A. Cunningham,

    Affiliation: Institute of Zoology, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Torsten Ohst,

    Affiliations: Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity, Berlin, Germany, Charité - University Medicine Berlin, Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Berlin, Germany

    X
  • Emma Wombwell,

    Affiliation: Institute of Zoology, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Daniel M. Portik,

    Affiliation: Museum of Vertebrate Zoology and Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

    X
  • Duncan Reid,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology and Burke Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

    X
  • Annika Hillers,

    Affiliation: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Across the River - A Transboundary Peace Park for Sierra Leone and Liberia, Kenema, Sierra Leone

    X
  • Caleb Ofori-Boateng,

    Affiliations: Department of Wildlife and Range Management, Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources, CANR, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana, Forestry Research Institute of Ghana, Fumesua, Kumasi, Ghana

    X
  • William Oduro,

    Affiliation: Department of Wildlife and Range Management, Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources, CANR, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana

    X
  • Jörg Plötner,

    Affiliation: Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity, Berlin, Germany

    X
  • Annemarie Ohler,

    Affiliation: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Département Systématique et Evolution, Origine, Structure et Evolution de la Biodiversité, Paris, France

    X
  • Adam D. Leaché,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology and Burke Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

    X
  • Mark-Oliver Rödel

    Affiliation: Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity, Berlin, Germany

    X
  • Published: February 13, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056236

About the Authors

Johannes Penner, Mareike Hirschfeld, Laura Sandberger, Torsten Ohst, Jörg Plötner, Mark-Oliver Rödel
Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity, Berlin, Germany
Gilbert B. Adum, Caleb Ofori-Boateng, William Oduro
Department of Wildlife and Range Management, Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources, CANR, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana
Matthew T. McElroy, Duncan Reid, Adam D. Leaché
Department of Biology and Burke Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Thomas Doherty-Bone
Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom
Thomas Doherty-Bone, Andrew A. Cunningham, Emma Wombwell
Institute of Zoology, London, United Kingdom
Ché Weldon
Unit for Environmental Research, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
Torsten Ohst
Charité - University Medicine Berlin, Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Berlin, Germany
Daniel M. Portik
Museum of Vertebrate Zoology and Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America
Annika Hillers
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Across the River - A Transboundary Peace Park for Sierra Leone and Liberia, Kenema, Sierra Leone
Caleb Ofori-Boateng
Forestry Research Institute of Ghana, Fumesua, Kumasi, Ghana
Annemarie Ohler
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Département Systématique et Evolution, Origine, Structure et Evolution de la Biodiversité, Paris, France

Corresponding Author

Email: johannes.penner@mfn-berlin.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Laboratory work: MTM TDB CW TO EW. Modelling: J. Penner MH . Conceived and designed the experiments: J.Penner GBA MTM TDB MH LS CW AAC TO EW DMP DR AH COB WO J. Plötner AO ADL MOR. Performed the experiments: GBA MTM TDB MH LS CW TO EW DMP DR COB AO J. Plötner ADL. Analyzed the data: J.Penner GBA MTM TDB MH CW TO EW ADL MOR. Wrote the paper: J.Penner MTM TDB CW MOR.