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Research Article

West Nile Virus Prevalence across Landscapes Is Mediated by Local Effects of Agriculture on Vector and Host Communities

  • David W. Crowder mail,

    dcrowder@wsu.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America

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  • Elizabeth A. Dykstra,

    Affiliation: Washington State Department of Health, Olympia, Washington, United States of America

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  • Jo Marie Brauner,

    Affiliation: Washington State Department of Health, Olympia, Washington, United States of America

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  • Anne Duffy,

    Affiliation: Washington State Department of Health, Olympia, Washington, United States of America

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  • Caitlin Reed,

    Affiliation: Washington State Department of Health, Olympia, Washington, United States of America

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  • Emily Martin,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America

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  • Wade Peterson,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America

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  • Yves Carrière,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Pierre Dutilleul,

    Affiliation: Department of Plant Science, McGill University, Macdonald Campus, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, Canada

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  • Jeb P. Owen

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America

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  • Published: January 30, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055006

About the Authors

David W. Crowder, Emily Martin, Wade Peterson, Jeb P. Owen
Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America
Elizabeth A. Dykstra, Jo Marie Brauner, Anne Duffy, Caitlin Reed
Washington State Department of Health, Olympia, Washington, United States of America
Yves Carrière
Department of Entomology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America
Pierre Dutilleul
Department of Plant Science, McGill University, Macdonald Campus, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, Canada

Corresponding Author

Email: dcrowder@wsu.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DWC EAD JPO. Performed the experiments: DWC EAD JMB AD CR EM WP. Analyzed the data: DWC YC PD. Wrote the paper: DWC EAD YC PD JPO.