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Research Article

Size-Related Changes in Foot Impact Mechanics in Hoofed Mammals

  • Sharon Elaine Warner mail,

    swarner@rvc.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Structure and Motion Laboratory, Comparative Biomedical Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

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  • Phillip Pickering,

    Affiliation: Structure and Motion Laboratory, Comparative Biomedical Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

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  • Olga Panagiotopoulou,

    Affiliation: Structure and Motion Laboratory, Comparative Biomedical Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

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  • Thilo Pfau,

    Affiliation: Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

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  • Lei Ren,

    Affiliation: School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, The University of Manchester, Manchester, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom

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  • John Richard Hutchinson

    Affiliation: Structure and Motion Laboratory, Comparative Biomedical Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

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  • Published: January 30, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054784

About the Authors

Sharon Elaine Warner, Phillip Pickering, Olga Panagiotopoulou, John Richard Hutchinson
Structure and Motion Laboratory, Comparative Biomedical Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom
Thilo Pfau
Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom
Lei Ren
School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, The University of Manchester, Manchester, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: swarner@rvc.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Edited the final manuscript: SEW PP OP TP LR JRH. Conceived and designed the experiments: JRH OP. Performed the experiments: SEW TP LR. Analyzed the data: SEW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PP. Wrote the paper: SEW.