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Research Article

Evolutionary Novelty versus Exaptation: Oral Kinematics in Feeding versus Climbing in the Waterfall-Climbing Hawaiian Goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni

  • Joshua A. Cullen,

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, United States of America

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  • Takashi Maie,

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, United States of America

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  • Heiko L. Schoenfuss,

    Affiliation: Aquatic Toxicology Laboratory, Saint Cloud State University, St. Cloud, Minnesota, United States of America

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  • Richard W. Blob mail

    rblob@clemson.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, United States of America

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  • Published: January 04, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053274

About the Authors

Joshua A. Cullen, Takashi Maie, Richard W. Blob
Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, United States of America
Heiko L. Schoenfuss
Aquatic Toxicology Laboratory, Saint Cloud State University, St. Cloud, Minnesota, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: rblob@clemson.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HLS RWB. Performed the experiments: TM HLS RWB. Analyzed the data: JAC TM RWB. Wrote the paper: JAC TM HLS RWB.