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Research Article

Positioning of Chromosomes in Human Spermatozoa Is Determined by Ordered Centromere Arrangement

  • Olga S. Mudrak mail,

    olgamudrak2010@gmail.com

    Affiliations: Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia, The Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Igor B. Nazarov,

    Affiliations: Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia, The Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Estella L. Jones,

    Affiliation: The Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Andrei O. Zalensky

    Affiliation: The Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Published: December 27, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052944

About the Authors

Olga S. Mudrak, Igor B. Nazarov
Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
Olga S. Mudrak, Igor B. Nazarov, Estella L. Jones, Andrei O. Zalensky
The Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: olgamudrak2010@gmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: OSM AOZ. Performed the experiments: OSM IBN ELJ. Analyzed the data: OSM IBN ELJ AOZ. Wrote the paper: OSM AOZ.