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Research Article

Historical and Contemporary DNA Indicate Fisher Decline and Isolation Occurred Prior to the European Settlement of California

  • Jody M. Tucker mail,

    jtucker@fs.fed.us

    Affiliations: United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Sequoia National Forest, Porterville, California, United States of America, United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Missoula, Montana, United States of America, Wildlife Biology Program, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, United States of America

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  • Michael K. Schwartz,

    Affiliation: United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Missoula, Montana, United States of America

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  • Richard L. Truex,

    Affiliation: United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Golden, Colorado, United States of America

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  • Kristine L. Pilgrim,

    Affiliation: United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Missoula, Montana, United States of America

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  • Fred W. Allendorf

    Affiliation: Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, United States of America

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  • Published: December 26, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052803

About the Authors

Jody M. Tucker
United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Sequoia National Forest, Porterville, California, United States of America
Jody M. Tucker, Michael K. Schwartz, Kristine L. Pilgrim
United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Missoula, Montana, United States of America
Jody M. Tucker
Wildlife Biology Program, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, United States of America
Richard L. Truex
United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Golden, Colorado, United States of America
Fred W. Allendorf
Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: jtucker@fs.fed.us

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JMT MKS FWA KLP RLT. Performed the experiments: JMT KLP. Analyzed the data: JMT MKS FWA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JMT MKS RLT KLP FWA. Wrote the paper: JMT MKS FWA.