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Research Article

Historical Biogeography and Diversification of Truffles in the Tuberaceae and Their Newly Identified Southern Hemisphere Sister Lineage

  • Gregory Bonito mail,

    gregory.bonito@duke.edu

    Affiliation: Deparment of Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Matthew E. Smith,

    Affiliation: Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

    X
  • Michael Nowak,

    Affiliation: Institute of Systematic Botany, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

    X
  • Rosanne A. Healy,

    Affiliation: University of Minnesota, Department of Plant Biology, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Gonzalo Guevara,

    Affiliation: Instituto Tecnológico de Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, México

    X
  • Efren Cázares,

    Affiliation: Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America

    X
  • Akihiko Kinoshita,

    Affiliation: Department of Natural Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Science, The University of Tokyo, Chiba, Japan

    X
  • Eduardo R. Nouhra,

    Affiliation: Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal, Córdoba, Argentina

    X
  • Laura S. Domínguez,

    Affiliation: Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal, Córdoba, Argentina

    X
  • Leho Tedersoo,

    Affiliation: Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences and the Natural History Museum of Tartu University, Tartu, Estonia

    X
  • Claude Murat,

    Affiliation: Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique et Nancy University, Champenoux, France

    X
  • Yun Wang,

    Affiliation: New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Ltd, Christchurch, New Zealand

    X
  • Baldomero Arroyo Moreno,

    Affiliation: Department of Plant Biology, University of Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain

    X
  • Donald H. Pfister,

    Affiliation: Farlow Herbarium, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Kazuhide Nara,

    Affiliation: Department of Natural Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Science, The University of Tokyo, Chiba, Japan

    X
  • Alessandra Zambonelli,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Science Agrarie, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

    X
  • James M. Trappe,

    Affiliation: Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America

    X
  • Rytas Vilgalys

    Affiliation: Deparment of Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Published: January 02, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052765

About the Authors

Gregory Bonito, Rytas Vilgalys
Deparment of Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
Rosanne A. Healy
University of Minnesota, Department of Plant Biology, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America
Gonzalo Guevara
Instituto Tecnológico de Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, México
Efren Cázares, James M. Trappe
Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America
Eduardo R. Nouhra, Laura S. Domínguez
Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal, Córdoba, Argentina
Leho Tedersoo
Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences and the Natural History Museum of Tartu University, Tartu, Estonia
Claude Murat
Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique et Nancy University, Champenoux, France
Yun Wang
New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Ltd, Christchurch, New Zealand
Baldomero Arroyo Moreno
Department of Plant Biology, University of Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain
Donald H. Pfister
Farlow Herbarium, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
Akihiko Kinoshita, Kazuhide Nara
Department of Natural Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Science, The University of Tokyo, Chiba, Japan
Alessandra Zambonelli
Dipartimento di Science Agrarie, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Michael Nowak
Institute of Systematic Botany, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Matthew E. Smith
Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: gregory.bonito@duke.edu

Competing Interests

Dr. Yun Wang works at the New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Ltd. The authors confirm that there are no relevant declarations relating to the employment, consultancy, patents, products in development or marketed products. This does not alter the authors’ adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials. The remaining authors have declared no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GB JT MS RV MN. Performed the experiments: GB MS MN RH. Analyzed the data: GB MS MN. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RH GG EC AK EN LD LT CM YW BAM DP KN AZ JT. Wrote the paper: GB MS MN LT RV JT LD EN DP KN.