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Research Article

Comparison of Shedding Characteristics of Seasonal Influenza Virus (Sub)Types and Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09; Germany, 2007–2011

  • Thorsten Suess,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

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  • Cornelius Remschmidt,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

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  • Susanne B. Schink,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

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  • Brunhilde Schweiger,

    Affiliation: National Reference Centre for Influenza, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

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  • Alla Heider,

    Affiliation: National Reference Centre for Influenza, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

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  • Jeanette Milde,

    Affiliation: National Reference Centre for Influenza, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

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  • Andreas Nitsche,

    Affiliation: Centre for Biological Security, Division of Highly-Pathogenic Viruses (ZBS1), Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

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  • Kati Schroeder,

    Affiliation: Centre for Biological Security, Division of Highly-Pathogenic Viruses (ZBS1), Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

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  • Joerg Doellinger,

    Affiliation: Centre for Biological Security, Division of Highly-Pathogenic Viruses (ZBS1), Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

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  • Christian Braun,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

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  • Walter Haas,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

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  • Gérard Krause,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

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  • Udo Buchholz mail

    BuchholzU@rki.de

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

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  • Published: December 11, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0051653

About the Authors

Thorsten Suess, Cornelius Remschmidt, Susanne B. Schink, Christian Braun, Walter Haas, Gérard Krause, Udo Buchholz
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
Brunhilde Schweiger, Alla Heider, Jeanette Milde
National Reference Centre for Influenza, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
Andreas Nitsche, Kati Schroeder, Joerg Doellinger
Centre for Biological Security, Division of Highly-Pathogenic Viruses (ZBS1), Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: BuchholzU@rki.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: UB GK CB TS CR. Performed the experiments: UB CB SS TS CR. Analyzed the data: BS AH AN KS JD JM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BS AH AN KS JD JM. Wrote the paper: TS UB CR. Reviewed and gave input to the manuscript: SS BS AH JM AN KS JD CB WH GK.