# wombat urls ß PLOS ONE: Pairwise Measures of Causal Direction in the Epidemiology of Sleep Problems and Depression
Advertisement
Research Article

Pairwise Measures of Causal Direction in the Epidemiology of Sleep Problems and Depression

  • Tom Rosenström mail,

    tom.rosenstrom@helsinki.fi

    Affiliation: IBS, Unit of Personality, Work and Health Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

    X
  • Markus Jokela,

    Affiliation: IBS, Unit of Personality, Work and Health Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

    X
  • Sampsa Puttonen,

    Affiliations: Centre of Expertise for Human Factors at Work, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland, IBS, Unit of Personality, Work and Health Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

    X
  • Mirka Hintsanen,

    Affiliations: Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, IBS, Unit of Personality, Work and Health Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

    X
  • Laura Pulkki-Råback,

    Affiliation: IBS, Unit of Personality, Work and Health Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

    X
  • Jorma S. Viikari,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku, Turku, Finland

    X
  • Olli T. Raitakari,

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Physiology, Turku University Hospital and Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland

    X
  • Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen

    Affiliation: IBS, Unit of Personality, Work and Health Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

    X
  • Published: November 30, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050841

About the Authors

Tom Rosenström, Markus Jokela, Sampsa Puttonen, Mirka Hintsanen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
IBS, Unit of Personality, Work and Health Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Sampsa Puttonen
Centre of Expertise for Human Factors at Work, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
Mirka Hintsanen
Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Jorma S. Viikari
Department of Medicine, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku, Turku, Finland
Olli T. Raitakari
Department of Clinical Physiology, Turku University Hospital and Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland

Corresponding Author

Email: tom.rosenstrom@helsinki.fi

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TR LKJ. Analyzed the data: TR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TR MJ SP MH LPR JSV OTR LKJ. Wrote the paper: TR MJ SP MH LPR JSV OTR LKJ.