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Research Article

Secondary Contact and Admixture between Independently Invading Populations of the Western Corn Rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera in Europe

  • Gérald Bermond mail,

    gerald.bermond@sophia.inra.fr

    Affiliations: INRA, UMR 1355 Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, UMR Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France, CNRS, UMR 7254 Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France

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  • Marc Ciosi,

    Affiliations: Institute III, University of Glasgow, Glasgow Biomedical Research Centre, Glasgow, United Kingdom, MBB Unit, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Eric Lombaert,

    Affiliations: INRA, UMR 1355 Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, UMR Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France, CNRS, UMR 7254 Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France

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  • Aurélie Blin,

    Affiliations: INRA, UMR 1355 Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, UMR Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France, CNRS, UMR 7254 Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France

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  • Marco Boriani,

    Affiliation: Servizio fitosanitario regionale, Regione Lombardia, Milano, Italy

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  • Lorenzo Furlan,

    Affiliation: Veneto Agricoltura, Legnaro, Italy

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  • Stefan Toepfer,

    Affiliation: CABI Europe_Switzerland, c/o Plant Protection Directorate, Hodmezovasarhely, Hungary

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  • Thomas Guillemaud

    Affiliations: INRA, UMR 1355 Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, UMR Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France, CNRS, UMR 7254 Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France

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  • Published: November 26, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050129

About the Authors

Gérald Bermond, Eric Lombaert, Aurélie Blin, Thomas Guillemaud
INRA, UMR 1355 Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France
Gérald Bermond, Eric Lombaert, Aurélie Blin, Thomas Guillemaud
Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, UMR Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France
Gérald Bermond, Eric Lombaert, Aurélie Blin, Thomas Guillemaud
CNRS, UMR 7254 Institute Sophia Agrobiotech, Equipe "Biologie des Populations Introduites", Sophia Antipolis, France
Marc Ciosi
Institute III, University of Glasgow, Glasgow Biomedical Research Centre, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Marc Ciosi
MBB Unit, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, Nairobi, Kenya
Marco Boriani
Servizio fitosanitario regionale, Regione Lombardia, Milano, Italy
Lorenzo Furlan
Veneto Agricoltura, Legnaro, Italy
Stefan Toepfer
CABI Europe_Switzerland, c/o Plant Protection Directorate, Hodmezovasarhely, Hungary

Corresponding Author

Email: gerald.bermond@sophia.inra.fr

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GB MC TG MB LF ST. Performed the experiments: GB AB. Analyzed the data: GB MC EL TG. Wrote the paper: GB MC EL AB MB LF ST TG. Performed the sampling: MB LF ST.