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Research Article

Determinants of Antimicrobial Resistance in Escherichia coli Strains Isolated from Faeces and Urine of Women with Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections

  • Casper D. J. den Heijer,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Microbiology, Maastricht University Medical Centre/Care and Public Health Research Institute (CAPHRI), Maastricht, The Netherlands

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  • Mariëlle A. J. Beerepoot,

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Centre for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Jan M. Prins,

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Centre for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Suzanne E. Geerlings,

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Centre for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Ellen E. Stobberingh mail

    e.stobberingh@mumc.nl

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Microbiology, Maastricht University Medical Centre/Care and Public Health Research Institute (CAPHRI), Maastricht, The Netherlands

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  • Published: November 16, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049909

About the Authors

Casper D. J. den Heijer, Ellen E. Stobberingh
Department of Medical Microbiology, Maastricht University Medical Centre/Care and Public Health Research Institute (CAPHRI), Maastricht, The Netherlands
Mariëlle A. J. Beerepoot, Jan M. Prins, Suzanne E. Geerlings
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Centre for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author

Email: e.stobberingh@mumc.nl

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MB JP SG ES. Performed the experiments: MB. Analyzed the data: CH. Wrote the paper: CH. Critically read and revised the manuscript: MB JP SG ES.