Advertisement
Research Article

Observational Study of the Association of First Insulin Type in Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes with Macrovascular and Microvascular Disease

  • Gillian C. Hall mail,

    gillian_hall@gchall.demon.co.uk

    Affiliation: Grimsdyke House, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Alex D. McMahon,

    Affiliation: Reader in Epidemiology, University of Glasgow Dental School, Glasgow, United Kingdom

    X
  • Dawn Carroll,

    Affiliation: Sanofi-aventis Ltd, Guildford, Surrey, United Kingdom

    X
  • Philip D. Home

    Affiliation: Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

    X
  • Published: November 14, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049908

About the Authors

Gillian C. Hall
Grimsdyke House, London, United Kingdom
Alex D. McMahon
Reader in Epidemiology, University of Glasgow Dental School, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Dawn Carroll
Sanofi-aventis Ltd, Guildford, Surrey, United Kingdom
Philip D. Home
Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: gillian_hall@gchall.demon.co.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have reported the following competing interests: GCH has received funding for research or payment for consultancy from a number of pharmaceutical companies (Sanofi, Pfizer UK, Merck, Sharp and Dohme, Dance Pharmaceuticals, Lundbeck, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Shire and Lilly) and from charities and has no direct stock holding in any pharmaceutical company. DC was an employee of Sanofi-Aventis at the time of the study and Sanofi-Aventis funded this study and is currently employed by Pfizer, UK. ADM has no conflict of interest to declare. PDH or institutions with which he is associated receive funding from most major pharmaceutical companies including manufacturers of insulin and oral agents (Boeringher Ingelheim, BMS/Astrazeneca Alliance, Eli Lilly, GlaxoSmithKline, Groupe Serveir, Merck Inc, Merck Serono, MannKind, Novartis, Novo Nordisk. Pfizer Inc. Sanofi, SkyePharma, Takeda, Xoma Inc). There are no patents, products in development or marketed products to declare. This does not alter the authors’ adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials, as detailed online in the guide for authors.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GCH ADM PDH DC. Performed the experiments: GCH. Analyzed the data: GCH ADM. Wrote the paper: GCH ADM PDH DC.