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Research Article

Temporal Expression and Localization Patterns of Variant Surface Antigens in Clinical Plasmodium falciparum Isolates during Erythrocyte Schizogony

  • Anna Bachmann mail,

    bachmann@bni-hamburg.de

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Parasitology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

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  • Michaela Petter,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Australia

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  • Ann-Kathrin Tilly,

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Parasitology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

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  • Laura Biller,

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Parasitology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

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  • Karin A. Uliczka,

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Parasitology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

    Current address: Division of Innate Immunity, Research Center Borstel, Borstel, Germany

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  • Michael F. Duffy,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Australia

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  • Egbert Tannich,

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Parasitology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

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  • Iris Bruchhaus

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Parasitology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

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  • Published: November 15, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049540

About the Authors

Anna Bachmann, Ann-Kathrin Tilly, Laura Biller, Karin A. Uliczka, Egbert Tannich, Iris Bruchhaus
Department of Molecular Parasitology, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany
Michaela Petter, Michael F. Duffy
Department of Medicine, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: bachmann@bni-hamburg.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AB MP LB ET IB. Performed the experiments: AB AT KAU. Analyzed the data: AB MP MFD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MP MFD. Wrote the paper: AB MP MFD IB.