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Research Article

Effective Population Size Dynamics and the Demographic Collapse of Bornean Orang-Utans

  • Reeta Sharma equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Reeta Sharma, Natasha Arora

    rsharma@igc.gulbenkian.pt

    Affiliation: Population and Conservation Genetics, Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Oeiras, Portugal

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  • Natasha Arora equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Reeta Sharma, Natasha Arora

    Affiliation: Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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  • Benoit Goossens,

    Affiliations: Organisms and Environment Division, School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom, Danau Girang Field Centre, c/o Sabah Wildlife Department, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

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  • Alexander Nater,

    Affiliation: Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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  • Nadja Morf,

    Affiliation: Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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  • Jordi Salmona,

    Affiliation: Population and Conservation Genetics, Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Oeiras, Portugal

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  • Michael W. Bruford,

    Affiliation: Organisms and Environment Division, School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom

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  • Carel P. Van Schaik,

    Affiliation: Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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  • Michael Krützen,

    Affiliation: Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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  • Lounès Chikhi

    Affiliations: Population and Conservation Genetics, Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Oeiras, Portugal, CNRS, Laboratoire Evolution and Diversité Biologique, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France, Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France

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  • Published: November 15, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049429

About the Authors

Reeta Sharma, Jordi Salmona, Lounès Chikhi
Population and Conservation Genetics, Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Oeiras, Portugal
Natasha Arora, Alexander Nater, Nadja Morf, Carel P. Van Schaik, Michael Krützen
Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Benoit Goossens, Michael W. Bruford
Organisms and Environment Division, School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
Benoit Goossens
Danau Girang Field Centre, c/o Sabah Wildlife Department, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
Lounès Chikhi
CNRS, Laboratoire Evolution and Diversité Biologique, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France
Lounès Chikhi
Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France

Corresponding Author

Email: rsharma@igc.gulbenkian.pt

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LC BG MWB MK CPVS NA RS. Performed the experiments: NA AN NM. Analyzed the data: RS JS LC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RS JS NA AN NM. Wrote the paper: RS NA BG MWB AN MK CPVS LC.