# wombat urls ß PLOS ONE: Spatial Heterogeneity in Fishing Creates de facto Refugia for Endangered Celtic Sea Elasmobranchs
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Research Article

Spatial Heterogeneity in Fishing Creates de facto Refugia for Endangered Celtic Sea Elasmobranchs

  • Samuel Shephard mail,

    samuel.shephard@gmit.ie

    Affiliations: Marine and Freshwater Research Centre, Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology, Galway, Ireland, School of Biological Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom

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  • Hans Gerritsen,

    Affiliation: Marine Institute, Rinville, Oranmore, Co. Galway, Ireland

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  • Michel J. Kaiser,

    Affiliation: School of Ocean Sciences, Bangor University, Anglesey, United Kingdom

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  • David G. Reid

    Affiliation: Marine Institute, Rinville, Oranmore, Co. Galway, Ireland

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  • Published: November 14, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049307

About the Authors

Samuel Shephard
Marine and Freshwater Research Centre, Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology, Galway, Ireland
Samuel Shephard
School of Biological Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom
Hans Gerritsen, David G. Reid
Marine Institute, Rinville, Oranmore, Co. Galway, Ireland
Michel J. Kaiser
School of Ocean Sciences, Bangor University, Anglesey, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: samuel.shephard@gmit.ie

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SS DGR MJK HG. Performed the experiments: SS. Analyzed the data: SS HG. Wrote the paper: SS DGR MJK HG.