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Research Article

Biological Effects of Cigarette Smoke in Cultured Human Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells

  • Alice L. Yu mail,

    alice.yu@med.uni-muenchen.de

    Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Muenchen, Germany

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  • Kerstin Birke,

    Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Friedrich-Alexander-University, Erlangen, Germany

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  • Johannes Burger,

    Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Muenchen, Germany

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  • Ulrich Welge-Lussen

    Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Friedrich-Alexander-University, Erlangen, Germany

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  • Published: November 14, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048501

About the Authors

Alice L. Yu, Johannes Burger
Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Muenchen, Germany
Kerstin Birke, Ulrich Welge-Lussen
Department of Ophthalmology, Friedrich-Alexander-University, Erlangen, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: alice.yu@med.uni-muenchen.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ALY KB JB UWL. Performed the experiments: ALY KB JB UWL. Analyzed the data: ALY KB UWL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ALY UWL. Wrote the paper: ALY UWL. Obtained permission for the use of cell line: ALY UWL.